In the German issue of Science Review Letters (2007, Vol. 6, #138) great scientists stated
that we need a new real natural science. Science as it can be found nowadays cannot be called real science; there is no real scientific research. Most socalled scientific journals have no connection with real science.
As you can find lots of scientists and lobbyists in the Biotechnology sector, you also are able to find lots of journals which review scientific research of these lobbyists. One of these journals is Nature Biotechnology.
Aims and scope of journal „Nature Biotechnology is a monthly journal covering the science and business of biotechnology." The core areas are „molecular engineering of nucleic acids and proteins; molecular therapy (therapeutics genes, antisense, siRNAs, aptamers, and DNAzymes, ribozymes, peptides, proteins); large-scale biology (genomics, functional genomics, proteomics, structural genomics, metabolomics, etc.); computational biology (algorithms and modeling), regenerative medicine (stem cells, tissue engineering, biomaterials); imaging technology; analytical biotechnology (sensors/detectors for analytes/macromolecules), applied immunology (antibody engineering, xenotransplantation, T-cell therapies); food and agricultural biotechnology; and environmental biotechnology." (Nature Biotechnologynature.com)
A comprehensive list
of areas is shown below.
„Genetic engineering, Strategies for controlling gene expression, Strategies for manipulating gene structure, Strategies for gene containment, Large-scale approaches, Technologies for analyzing gene function (e.g., arrays, SAGE) , Technologies for analyzing gene structure/organization (e.g., molecular beacons) , Chemogenomics or chemical genetics , Pharmacogenomics/SNPs , Computational analysis , Proteomics, Technologies for analyzing/identifying protein , structure/function (e.g., 2-D gels, mass spectrometry, yeast , two-hybrid, SPR, NMR, arrays and chips) , Structural genomics , ... , Molecular engineering , Rational approaches for proteins/antibodies/enzymes/drugs , Molecular evolution , Molecular breeding approaches , Metabolic engineering , Genetic manipulation of species of interest to modify or allow the production of a commercially or therapeutically relevant compound , Computational analysis , Novel expression systems , Mammalian cells , Insect cells , Bacteria , Fungi , Plant cells , Delivery of genes, drugs, or cells, Targeting strategies , Viral and nonviral vector strategies , Imaging, Reporter molecules , Imaging approaches/technologies for visualizing whole animals, cells, or single molecules , Computational analysis , Nucleic acid therapeutics , Gene therapy (targeting, expression, integration, immunogenicity) , Antisense , RNAi , DNAzymes and ribozymes , Other (e.g., chimeric oligonucleotides/triple helix) , Nanobiotechnology, Nanomaterials for use in drug delivery or as therapeutics , Nanomaterials for use in industrial biotechnology , Nanosensors , Nanosystems for imaging molecules and cells Vaccines and applied immunology, Antibody engineering , T-cell therapies , Therapies exploiting innate immunity (e.g. complement) , Antigen delivery vectors and approaches , Nucleic acid vaccines , Computational analysis , Regenerative medicine, Stem cells ,Tissue engineering , Therapeutic cloning (somatic cell nuclear transfer) , Xenotransplantation , Biomaterials , Biosensors , ..., Nanotechnology , Agbiotech and transgenic plants , Crop improvement (resistance to stress, disease, pests) , Nutraceuticals , Forest biotechnology , Plant vaccines , Plants as bioreactors , Gene-containment strategies , Pharming , Transgenic animals , Knockouts , Reproductive cloning , Biopharmaceutical and enzyme production , Transgene targeting and expression strategies" (Nature Biotechnologynature.com)
Briefly, the aim of journals like „Nature Biotechnology" is to change agriculture and environment completely by biotechnology - even if it is illegal and nobody needs it, for instance genetically engineered alfalfa (FAZ 2007/152, p. N2)
„For the first time in history, a Federal Court has ruled that the USDA has illegally approved a genetically engineered crop. A California judge has ruled that the USDA, which approved the sale of genetically engineered alfalfa for 2007, did not conduct adequate environmental impact studies. The judge said approval of this new biotech crop has a high potential of destroying conventional and organic alfalfa farms. "We applaud the decision of the Court," said Bill Wenzel of the National Family Farm Coalition. "It's unfortunate that we have to turn to judges to do what's right for farmers while the USDA carries water for the biotech companies." Pat Trask, a South Dakota alfalfa grower and plaintiff in the case stated, "It's a great day for God's own alfalfa." (OB#105)
Thus USDA is no authority but a lobbyist like „Nature Biotechnology" is no independent scientific journal but a paper for lobbyists. Thus ist normal if the USDA has illegally approved a genetically engineered crop like alfalfa, rice engineered with human genes or genetically engineered bentgrass:
"A federal court has ruled against the USDA in a court case involving experimental field trials of genetically engineered crops. Judge Harold Kennedy said the USDA's past approvals of field trials of genetically engineered bentgrass were illegal and a threat to the environment and these experiments must be halted. In 2006, experimental genetically engineered bentgrass, designed for golf courses, escaped from its test plot and within weeks had already spread several miles away, mixing with native grasses. The full impacts of this are still unknown. According to Tom Stohlgren, an ecologist at the US Geological Survey's National Institute of Invasive Species Science, the experimental bentgrass "can tend to outcompete other species...It doesn't need to sexually reproduce - it's like The Blob. It could potentially hit rare species or national parks." (OB#98)
"The USDA public comment deadline of March 30th regarding rice engineered with human genes is quickly approaching. The rice, developed by Ventria Bioscience has been given pre-approval by the USDA for planting and harvesting in California. The plants have been engineered to synthesize a human protein that would be used as a drug to treat diarrhea. When planted in an open environment, these biotech rice fields have the potential to contaminate conventional rice fields where the crops are being grown for consumer food products. According to Jane Rissler of the Union of Concerned Scientists, "This is not a product that everyone would want to consume. It is unwise to produce drugs in plants outdoors." (OB#105)
Genetic engineering and nanotechnology are not necessary as a study finds that organic & sustainable farming increases yields by 79% or more. It can be proved that Genetic engineering is not able to feed the hungry although the opinion of those who earn money with genetically modified seeds wish there were no proof.
„A new study published
in the journal Environmental Science and Technology indicates that low-income
farmers in developing nations who adopt sustainable organic farming practices
increase crop yields by an average of 79%. In addition, the healthier soil
allows the crops to better withstand drought. Sustainable farmers save
additional money by using less water, eliminating pesticides and chemical
fertilizers, and by avoiding high-priced genetically engineered seeds.
The study adds to the ever-growing body of scientific evidence that sustainable
farming practices are key to feeding and preserving decent livelihoods
for the 40% of the world's population who are still farmers or rural villagers.
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The complete edition of "science review letters" published in supplemrnt of online-magazine "Natural Science"
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